Dr. Plascyk is a dentist who performs implant therapy in Charlotte, NC. Dr. Plascyk has completed many implant procedures. Implant procedures sometimes require that bone grafting procedures be completed before an implant is placed. Bone grafting materials are placed in areas of the jaw that will receive a dental implant. Grafts are needed if there is not enough bone for an implant to be placed. All bone graft materials work the same. Once a graft is placed, the body will gradually replace the graft material with new bone. The only graft material that is not naturally replaced is bone taken from the patient. This is called autogenous bone. For example, bone may be taken from one part of the mouth (donor site) and placed into the site that needs it (recipient site). Autogenous bone remains in the body and blood vessels keep it alive. Autogenous bone is the best type of bone grafting material.
There are many sources for non-autogenous bone grafting materials, and they are divided into three categories:
Non-autogenous bone grafts are usually used to avoid doing a second surgery to retrieve from a donor site. All these graft materials under go high-level testing and sterilization procedures.